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Title: Adherence of Spanish primary physicians and clinical practise to the Mediterranean diet
Author: Sentenach Carbó, Ares
Batlle Ferran, Carme
Franquesa Bartolome, Marcel·la
García Fernández, Elena
Rico Cabanas, Laura
Shamirian Pulido, Laia
Pérez, Montse
Deu Valenzuela, Eva
Ardite Aguilar, Esther
Funtikova, Anna N.
Estruch Riba, Ramón
Bach Faig, Anna
Others: Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC)
Keywords: Mediterranean diet
dietary pattern
nutrition knowledge
nutritional advice
Issue Date: 28-Nov-2018
Publisher: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Citation: Sentenach-Carbo, A., Batlle, C., Franquesa, M., García-Fernández, E., Rico Cabanas, L., Shamirian-Pulido, L., Pérez, Montse, Deu-Valenzuela, E., Ardite, E., Funtikova, A.F., Estruch, R. & Bach Faig, A. (2019). Adherence Of Spanish Primary Physicians And Clinical Practise To The Mediterranean Diet. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 72(Suppl 1), 92-98. doi: 10.1038/s41430-018-0314-8
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Abstract: Background/Objectives: The primary objective of this study was to explore physicians' adherence to the dietary pattern known as the Mediterranean diet (MD). As a secondary objective we assessed physicians' awareness on the benefits of the MD and of the possibility of prescribing it. Subjects/Methods: Physicians' adherence to the MD was evaluated through the Spanish associations SEMERGEN and CAMFIC, who sent the validated PREDIMED screener to their affiliates. The results reflected a high, medium, low or very low level of adherence depending on total score. The sample was drawn between 2014 and 2016. The second questionnaire evaluated the physicians' knowledge of the MD and their opinion about recommending it. Results: The PREDIMED test was answered by 422 Spanish physicians. In 8 out of 14 questions, more than 50% of the individuals scored only 1 point. However, 3 questions resulted in 1 point being scored by almost all physicians. Thus, on average, 55% of questions obtained 1-point scoring. The second questionnaire was answered by 212 physicians; 70% of them considered themselves to be aware of the benefits of the MD. More than 60% said they could invest 5 min of their time to recommend the MD. Conclusions: Primary care physicians do not show a high level of adherence to the MD and emphasize the need for creating tools to evaluate it in their patients. This research can be useful as both a database and a justification for the creation of a new protocol to help physicians increase their own and their patient' MD adherence.
Language: English
ISSN: 1476-5640MIAR
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