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Title: Healthy dietary pattern and their corresponding gut microbiota profile are linked to a lower risk of type 2 diabetes, independent of the presence of obesity
Author: Díaz Rizzolo, Diana Alicia
Kostov, Belchin
López Siles, Mireia
Serra, Assumpta
Colungo, Cristina
González de Paz, Luis
Martínez Medina, Margarita
Sisó Almirall, Antoni
Gomis de Barbarà, Ramon
Others: Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS)
Universitat de Girona
Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC)
Keywords: diet
Issue Date: 4-Mar-2019
Publisher: Clinical Nutrition
Citation: Díaz-Rizzolo, D.A., Kostov, B., López-Siles, M., Serra, A., Colungo, C., González-de-Paz, L., Martínez-Medina, M., Sisó-Almirall, A. & Gomis, R. (2020). Healthy dietary pattern and their corresponding gut microbiota profile are linked to a lower risk of type 2 diabetes, independent of the presence of obesity. Clinical Nutrition, 39(2), 524-532. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2019.02.035
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Abstract: Background: Prediabetes and old age are both high risk factors for developing Type 2 Diabetes (T2D), while obesity is one of the most important factors triggering the disease. Nutritional interventions are the most effective tool for preventing T2D, as they improve different biochemical and anthropometric outcomes and growth-promoting/inhibiting gut microbiota populations. However, to date there are no specific dietary recommendations to stop the development of T2D in elderly groups, for whom hypocaloric diets and other commonly used weight-loss programs could be considered dangerous. The objective of our study, thus, was to understand the impact of dietary patterns on T2D risk as related to gut microbiota profile in obese and non-obese elderly prediabetic subjects. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in 182 subjects >65 years old with prediabetes, divided into obese (OB) or non-obese (NOB) subgroups, and their risk of developing T2D was measured according to FINDRISK score and biochemical parameters. Also, clusters into different dietary patterns in each group by PCA analysis was related with gut microbiota, which was analyzed from stool samples by qPCR. The creation of clusters was used to re-evaluate T2D risk. Results: OB was at higher risk of developing T2D and showed worse metabolic outcomes. Unhealthier and healthier dietary pattern clusters were observed for both OB (OB-6 and OB-5 respectively) and NOB (NOB-2 and NOB-3 respectively) groups. Results obtained from the gut microbiota showed that only Prevotella was higher in NOB, but when comparisons were made between clusters, a clear relation with dietary pattern was observed; showing in healthier dietary clusters a decrease in Prevotella, an increase of Faecalibacterium prausnitzii and an increase in lactic acid bacteria. T2D risk was greater in the obese group between unhealthier dietary clusters. No difference between healthier dietary clusters was observed. Conclusion: A healthy dietary pattern and the growth-promoting beneficial and growth-inhibiting disadvantageous gut microbiota populations linked to it provide protection against the development of T2D in an obese population with advanced age and preDM.
Language: English
ISSN: 0261-5614MIAR
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