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Title: Adherence to the Mediterranean diet and bone fracture risk in middle-aged women: A case control study
Author: Palomeras Vilches, Anna
Viñals Mayolas, Eva
Bou Mias, Concepció
Jordà Castro, Maria dels Àngels
Agüero Martínez, Maria dels Àngels
Busquets Barceló, Montserrat
Pujol-Busquets Guillén, Georgina
Carrion Ribas, Carme  
Bosque Prous, Marina
Serra-Majem, Lluís
Bach Faig, Anna
Others: Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria
Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC)
Institut Català de la Salut
University of Cape Town
Keywords: Mediterranean diet
bone fracture risk
dietary pattern
Issue Date: 18-Oct-2019
Publisher: Nutrients
Citation: Palomeras-Vilches, A., Viñals-Mayolas, E., Bou-Mias, C., Jordà-Castro, M.À., Agüero-Martínez, M.À., Busquets-Barceló, M., Pujol-Busquets, G., Carrión Ribas, C., Bosque-Prous, M., Serra-Majem, Ll. & Bach Faig, A. (2019). Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and Bone Fracture Risk in Middle-Aged Women: A Case Control Study. Nutrients, 11(10), 1-15. doi: 10.3390/nu11102508
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Abstract: The prevention of bone mass loss and related complications associated with osteoporosis is a significant public health issue. The Mediterranean diet (MD) is favorably associated with bone health, a potentially modifiable risk factor. The objective of this research was to determine MD adherence in a sample of women with and without osteoporosis. In this observational case-control study of 139 women (64 women with and 75 without osteoporosis) conducted in a primary-care health center in Girona (Spain), MD adherence, lifestyle, physical exercise, tobacco and alcohol consumption, pathological antecedents, and FRAX index scores were analyzed. Logistic multilinear regression modeling to explore the relationship between the MD and bone fracture risk indicated that better MD adherence was associated with a lower bone risk fracture. Non-pharmacological preventive strategies to reduce bone fracture risk were also reviewed to explore the role of lifestyle and diet in bone mass maintenance and bone fracture prevention.
Language: English
ISSN: 2072-6643MIAR
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