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Title: Effect of verb argument structure on picture naming in children with and without specific language impairment (SLI)
Author: Andreu Barrachina, Llorenç  
Sanz Torrent, Mònica
Buil Legaz, Lucía
MacWhinney, Brian
Others: Universitat Oberta de Catalunya. Internet Interdisciplinary Institute (IN3)
Universitat de Barcelona
Universitat de les Illes Balears
Carnegie Mellon University
Keywords: language development
specific language impairment
picture naming
verbs and argument structure
Issue Date: 12-Jul-2012
Publisher: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders
Citation: Andreu Barrachina, L., Sanz Torrent, M., Buil Legaz, L. & MacWhinney, B. (2012). Effect of verb argument structure on picture naming in children with and without specific language impairment (SLI). International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 47(6), 637-653. doi: 10.1111/j.1460-6984.2012.00170.x
Project identifier: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/SEJ2007-62743
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/2006 ARIE1004
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Abstract: Background: This study investigated verb argument structure effects in children with specific language impairment (SLI). Aims: A picture-naming paradigm was used to compare the response times and naming accuracy for nouns and verbs with differing argument structure between Spanish-speaking children with and without language impairment. Methods & Procedures: Twenty-four children with SLI (ages 5;3-8;2 [years;months]), 24 age-matched controls (ages 5;3-8;2), 24 MLU-w controls (ages 3;3-7;1 years), and 31 adults participated in a picture-naming study. Outcomes & Results: The results show all groups produced more correct responses and were faster for nouns than all verbs together. As regards verb type accuracy, there were no differences between groups in naming one-argument verbs. However, for both two- and three-argument verbs, children with SLI were less accurate than adults and age-matched controls, but similar to the MLU-matched controls. For verb type latency, children with SLI were slower than both the agematched controls and adults for one- and two-argument verbs, while no differences were found in three-argument verbs. No differences were found between children with SLI and MLU-matched controls for any verb type. Conclusions & Implications: It has been shown that the naming of verbs is delayed in Spanish children with SLI. It is suggested that children with SLI may have problems encoding semantic representations.
Language: English
ISSN: 1368-2822MIAR
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