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http://hdl.handle.net/10609/113426
Title: Estimulación magnética transcraneal para el tratamiento del tabaquismo: Una revisión sistemática
Author: Vázquez Beceiro, Pablo
Tutor: Viejo Sobera, Raquel  
Keywords: transcraneal magnetic stimulation
addiction
craving
tabaquism
nicotine
Issue Date: 4-Jul-2018
Publisher: Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC)
Abstract: Tabaquism is nowadays one of the most persistent addictions, but the most common treatments have low success rates. Thus, it is important to explore new therapeutic options to fight against it. One of them is the Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS), which has been used in the last 20 years. In this systematic review, we collected the existing evidence and analyzed the effectiveness of the TMS as a therapeutic tool to treat nicotine addiction. From the 430 registers found, in English and Spanish, in Medline, Scopus, and Web of Science databases, 13 experimental studies were selected and analyzed. For each study, Information about the stimulation parameters, the type of study, and the outcomes were extracted. Most studies evaluated the craving as the main outcome. The stimulated area was the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) in 92% of them. The main results suggest that high-frequency stimulation with at least 1000 pulses in one session is effective to reduce craving. In addition, the greater the number of sessions (approximately 10) and the smaller the number of pulses (between 360 and 90), the more permanent the effects seem to be. The main limitations of this review are related to the heterogeneity of the methodology that limits the comparison between studies, and the possible presence of publication bias. Given the promising results found in most of the studies, TMS should be taken into account in the treatment of smoking.
Language: Spanish
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10609/113426
Appears in Collections:Bachelor thesis, research projects, etc.

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