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http://hdl.handle.net/10609/40901
Title: Secure logarithmic audio watermarking scheme based on the human auditory system
Author: Fallahpour, Mehdi
Megías Jiménez, David  
Keywords: Audio watermarking
Multimedia security
Digital rights management
Issue Date: Mar-2014
Publisher: Springer
Series/Report no.: Multimedia Systems:Volume 20, Issue 2, Pages 155-164. ISSN: 0942-4962.
Abstract: This paper proposes a high capacity audio watermarking algorithm in the logarithm domain based on the absolute threshold of hearing (ATH) of the human auditory system (HAS) which makes this scheme a novel technique. Considering the fact that the human ear requires more precise samples at low amplitudes (soft sounds), the use of the logarithm helps us design a logarithmic quantization algorithm. The key idea is to divide the selected frequency band into short frames and quantize the samples based on the HAS. Using frames and the HAS improves the robustness, since embedding a secret bit into a set of samples is more reliable than embedding it into a single sample. In addition, the quantization level is adjusted according to the HAS. Apart from remarkable capacity, transparency and robustness, this scheme provides three parameters (frequency band, scale factor and frame size) which facilitate the regulation of the watermarking properties. The experimental results show that the method has a high capacity (800 to 7000 bits per second), without significant perceptual distortion (ODG is greater than ¿1) and provides robustness against common audio signal processing such as added noise, filtering and MPEG compression (MP3).
Description: Peer-reviewed
Language: English
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10609/40901
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