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Title: Electric vehicles in logistics and transportation: A survey on emerging environmental, strategic, and operational challenges
Author: Juan Pérez, Ángel Alejandro
Méndez, Carlos Alberto
Faulin Fajardo, Francisco Javier
Armas Adrián, Jésica de
Grasman, Scott Erwin
Others: Universitat Oberta de Catalunya. Internet Interdisciplinary Institute (IN3)
Universidad Nacional del Litoral
Universidad Pública de Navarra
Rochester Institute of Technology
Keywords: electric vehicles
logistics and transportation
green vehicle routing problems
Issue Date: 28-Jan-2016
Publisher: Energies
Citation: Juan, A.A., Méndez, C., Faulín Fajardo, F., de Armas Adrián, J. & Grasman, S. (2016). Electric Vehicles in Logistics and Transportation: A Survey on Emerging Environmental, Strategic, and Operational Challenges. Energies, 9(2), 86. doi: 10.3390/en9020086
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Abstract: Current logistics and transportation (L&T) systems include heterogeneous fleets consisting of common internal combustion engine vehicles as well as other types of vehicles using 'green' technologies, e.g., plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and electric vehicles (EVs). However, the incorporation of EVs in L&T activities also raise some additional challenges from the strategic, planning, and operational perspectives. For instance, smart cities are required to provide recharge stations for electric-based vehicles, meaning that investment decisions need to be made about the number, location, and capacity of these stations. Similarly, the limited driving-range capabilities of EVs, which are restricted by the amount of electricity stored in their batteries, impose non-trivial additional constraints when designing efficient distribution routes. Accordingly, this paper identifies and reviews several open research challenges related to the introduction of EVs in L&T activities, including: (a) environmental-related issues; and (b) strategic, planning and operational issues associated with 'standard' EVs and with hydrogen-based EVs. The paper also analyzes how the introduction of EVs in L&T systems generates new variants of the well-known Vehicle Routing Problem, one of the most studied optimization problems in the L&T field, and proposes the use of metaheuristics and simheuristics as the most efficient way to deal with these complex optimization problems.
Language: English
ISSN: 1996-1073MIAR
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