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Title: Lactància materna exclusiva front a introducció d'altres aliments en infants: efectes sobre la microbiota
Author: Blasco Momparler, Laura
Tutor: Rodríguez Lagunas, María José
Keywords: instant formula
Issue Date: 3-Jul-2018
Publisher: Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC)
Abstract: Human milk is the principal nourishment for babies. However, many times when the mother is not able or doesn't want to breastfeed, this milk is substituted by instant formula milk. In spite of the so many benefits of breastfeeding, its prevalence is significantly lower than it would be desirable. The goal of this work is to know how first infancy feeding determines the baby's microbiome and which consequences it will have on his/her health and, especially, on his/her weight. The most represented genre in any child microbiome, no matter the feeding type, is Bifidobacterium. Breastfed children have more than double the amount of Bifidobacterium and low amount of Bacteroides, Clostridium, Escherichia coli, Streptococcus and Staphylococcus than instant formula fed children. Little amounts of infant formula supplementation will produce a quick change on the child's microbiome, resembling more to the microbiota of exclusive infant formula fed babies. Nevertheless, it seems that it is breastfeeding withdrawal, rather than other food introduction, what causes an even bigger microbiome change. Finally, relationship between infant gut microbiome and obesity goes over a gut inflammation, process which is likely to be caused by low bifidobacteria levels and high Bacteroides and Staphylococcus levels, appropriate conditions for obesity.
Language: Catalan
Appears in Collections:Bachelor thesis, research projects, etc.

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