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Title: Eficàcia de l¿aplicació de la Teràpia Assistida amb Animals en persones amb deteriorament cognitiu institucionalitzades. Revisió bibliogràfica i proposta d¿intervenció neuropsicològica.
Author: Giné Casas, Anna
Director: Maite Garolera Freixa
Keywords: Animal-Assisted therapy
Quality of life
Cognitive impairment
Long-term care
Nursing home
Issue Date: 23-Jan-2018
Publisher: Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC)
Abstract: Introduction: The therapy assisted with animals is being used as a complementary treatment to improve the quality of life of institutionalized persons with cognitive impairment. Objective: The objective of this final master¿s work is to carry out a bibliographical review of the available publications about the efficiency of this type of therapies in this specific group, and later, to make a proposal of neuropsychological intervention. Material and methods: A search was realized in the data base MEDLINE (through PubMEd) from the beginning until January of 2018. Results: A total of 238 publications were obtained, after applying the criteria of inclusion 20 works were selected. The results of the studies were analyzed according to the changes observed in the variables evaluated as depressive symptomatology, the perception of loneliness and the communicative skills and of social interaction and the physiological changes, finally the studies that included the therapies assisted by robots were analyzed too. Conclusions: Even though the obtained changes are significant and positive, the studies carried out are not extrapolative in the population in general. The researches show scarce methodological demand and the sample and experimental groups are reduced. Implications for practice: A proposal of neuropsychological intervention has been created using the therapies assisted with a dog. The objective has been to improve and/or to maintain the perception of the quality of life through activities designed to improve and/or maintain the physical, social, emotional and/or cognitive capacities.
Language: Catalan
Appears in Collections:Bachelor thesis, research projects, etc.

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