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Title: Mediterranean diet and cardiodiabesity: A review
Author: Bach Faig, Anna
García Fernández, Elena
Rico Cabanas, Laura
Rosgaard, Nanna
Estruch Riba, Ramón
Others: International Foundation of Mediterranean Diet
Universitat Oberta de Catalunya. Estudis de Ciències de la Salut
Keywords: cardiovascular disease
mediterranean diet
systematic review
primary prevention
metabolic syndrome
diabetes mellitus
Issue Date: 4-Sep-2014
Publisher: Nutrients
Citation: García Fernández, E., Rico Cabanas, L., Rosgaard, N., Estruch, R. & Bach Faig, A. (2014). Mediterranean Diet and Cardiodiabesity: A Review. Nutrients, 6(9), 3474-3500. doi: 10.3390/nu6093474
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Abstract: Cardiodiabesity has been used to define and describe the well-known relationship between type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM), obesity, the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). The objective of this study was to perform a scientific literature review with a systematic search to examine all the cardiovascular risk factors combined and their relationship with adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (MedDiet) pattern as primary prevention against cardiodiabesity in a holistic approach. Research was conducted using the PubMed database including clinical trials, cross-sectional and prospective cohort studies. Thirty-seven studies were reviewed: fourteen related to obesity, ten to CVD, nine to MetS, and four to T2DM. Indeed 33 provided strong evidence on the association between adherence to a MedDiet and a reduced incidence of collective cardiodiabesity risk in epidemiological studies. This scientific evidence makes the MedDiet pattern very useful for preventive strategies directed at the general population and also highlights the need to consider all these diet-related risk factors and health outcomes together in daily primary care.
Language: English
ISSN: 2072-6643MIAR
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