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Title: Rebooting science? Implications of science 2.0 main trends for scientific method and research institutions
Author: Szkuta, Katarzyna
Osimo, David
Others: Institute for Prospective Technological Studies
Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC)
Keywords: web 2.0
citizen science
data-intensive science
open science
science 2.0
Issue Date: 13-Jun-2016
Publisher: Foresight
Citation: Szkuta, K. & Osimo, D. (2016). Rebooting science? implications of science 2.0 main trends for scientific method and research institutions. Foresight, 18(3), 204-223. doi: 10.1108/FS-06-2014-0040
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Abstract: This paper aims to analyse a set of converging trends underpinning a larger phenomenon called science 2.0 and to assess what are the most important implications for scientific method and research institutions. Design/methodology/approach: It is based on a triangulation of exploratory methods which include a wide-ranging literature review, Web-based mapping and in-depth interviews with stakeholders. Findings: The main implications of science 2.0 are enhanced efficiency, transparency and reliability; raise of data-driven science; microcontributions on a macroscale; multidimensional, immediate and multiform evaluation of science; disaggregation of the value chain of service providers for scientists; influx of multiple actors and the democratisation of science. Originality/value: The paper rejects the notion of science 2.0 as the mere adoption of Web 2.0 technologies in science and puts forward an original integrated definition covering three trends that have not yet been analysed together: open science, citizens science and data-intensive science. It argues that these trends are mutually reinforcing and puts forward their main implications. It concludes with the identification of three enablers of science 2.0 policy measures, individual practice of scientists and new infrastructure and services and sees the main bottleneck in lack of incentives on the individual level.
Language: English
ISSN: 1463-6689MIAR
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