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Title: Exhaustividad y tono crítico de las noticias en la prensa escrita que informan de una innovación médica
Other Titles: Exhaustivity and critical tone of the news in print media reporting medical innovations
Author: Solans Domènech, Maria Teresa
Millaret Senpau, Marta
Radó Trilla, Núria
Caro Mendivelso, Johanna
Carrion Ribas, Carme  
Permanyer Miralda, Gaietà
Pons Ràfols, Joan
Others: Agència de Qualitat i Avaluació Sanitàries de Catalunya
Universitat Oberta de Catalunya. Estudis de Ciències de la Salut
Keywords: health literacy
consumer health information
diffusion of innovation
content analysis
Issue Date: Mar-2019
Publisher: Gaceta Sanitaria
Citation: Solans-Domènech, M., Millaret, M., Radó-Trilla, N., Caro-Mendivelso, J., Carrion, C., Permanyer-Miralda, G., & Pons, J. M. V. (2019). Exhaustivity and critical tone of the news in print media reporting medical innovations. Gaceta Sanitaria, 33(2), 99-105. doi:10.1016/j.gaceta.2017.10.003
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Abstract: Objective, to quantify how exhaustive and critical were stories reporting medical innovations published in print media and to analyze the characteristics that may be related. Method, content analysis of the newspapers stories related to the discovery, introduction or improvement of a medical innovation through a questionnaire with ten criteria that allows calculating an overall score of exhaustiveness. The critical view was also included. Results: We analyzed 204 newspapers stories that on average obtained a comprehensiveness score of 4.5. Were optimistic 70% of the stories. The most valued criteria were: level of detail of the explanation of the innovation and the correct differentiation between facts and opinions. While the worst-valued criteria were: disclosure of financial conflicts of interest and the quantification of harms. The variables author, length of the story and classification of the innovation were related to both the comprehensiveness score and the critical view. The comprehensiveness score was also related to the pathology, number of sources of information and the critical tone of the story, while the critical view was also related to the newspapers diffusion and the relevance of the news. Conclusions, the analyzed stories presented inaccuracies, biases or an excess of optimism (either intentional or involuntary). Some aspects of the stories discussed in more detail would provide solutions to many of the identified shortcomings.
Language: Spanish
ISSN: 0213-9111MIAR
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