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Title: Institutional determinants of student employer entrepreneurs at Catalan universities
Author: Urbano, David
Aparicio, Sebastian
Guerrero, Maribel
Noguera, Maria
Torrent Sellens, Joan  
Others: Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
Fundación ECSIM - Centro de Estudios en Economía Sistémica
Universidad de Deusto
Universitat Oberta de Catalunya. Estudis d'Economia i Empresa
Keywords: student employer entrepreneurs
entrepreneurial universities
Issue Date: 8-Dec-2017
Publisher: Technological Forecasting and Social Change
Citation: Urbano, D., Aparicio, S., Guerrero, M., Noguera, M. & Torrent-Sellens, J. (2017). Institutional determinants of student employer entrepreneurs at Catalan universities. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 123(), 271-282. doi: 10.1016/j.techfore.2016.06.021
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Abstract: This article investigates the influence of informal and formal institutions on the university students' decision of becoming employer entrepreneurs (university students that create a new firm with employees) in the context of Catalonia. A sample of 1207 students from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB) and the Universitat Oberta de Catalunya were surveyed for the period of 2012-2015, and Probit regressions over pooled data were used. The main findings suggest that formal factors (university's lack of incentives to create a new business, entrepreneurial knowledge, training and skills, and entrepreneurship education) are higher correlated with the student employer entrepreneurs than informal institutions (role models, entrepreneur's social image and fear of failure). Despite that the entrepreneur's social image does not seem to have an influence on the entrepreneurial decision of university students, the other variables analysed are statistically significant, correlated with entrepreneurship as a choice. Specifically, entrepreneurship education is the most relevant variable in explaining the decision of university students becoming employer entrepreneurs. The paper contributes with policy discussions in order to extend the current debate about the role of the universities in the entrepreneurial process and also the importance of entrepreneurial universities to the society.
Language: English
ISSN: 0040-1625MIAR
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