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Title: Effects of a Primary Care-Based Multifactorial Intervention on Physical and Cognitive Function in Frail, Elderly Individuals: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Author: Romera Liebana, Laura
Orfila, Francesc
Segura, Josep Maria
Real, Jordi
Fabra, Maria Lluïsa
Möller, Mercedes
Lancho, Santiago
Ramirez, Anna
Martí, Núria
Cullell, Montserrat
Bastida, Núria
Martinez, Dolors
Giné Garriga, Maria
Cendrós Ramirez, Patricia
Bistuer Lacarra, Ana
Pérez, Elena
Fabregat Casamitjana, Maria Assumpta
Foz Gil, Gonçal
Others: Institut Català de la Salut
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
Universitat Ramon Llull
Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC)
Issue Date: 16-Jan-2018
Publisher: The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences
Citation: Romera-Liebana, L., Orfila, F., Segura, J. M., Real, J., Fabra, M. L., Möller, M., . . . Foz, G. (2018). Effects of a primary care-based multifactorial intervention on physical and cognitive function in frail, elderly individuals: A randomized controlled trial. Journals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 73(12), 1668-1674. doi:10.1093/gerona/glx259
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Abstract: Background: Detecting and managing frailty at early stages can prevent disability and other adverse outcomes. The study aim was to evaluate whether a multifactorial intervention program could modify physical and cognitive frailty parameters in elderly individuals. Methods: We conducted a multicenter, randomized, single-blind, parallel-group trial in community-living prefrail/frail elderly individuals in Barcelona. A total of 352 patients, aged ¿65 years old with positive frailty screening, was randomized into two groups to receive a 12-week multidisciplinary intervention or usual care, with concealed allocation. The intervention consisted of: exercise training, intake of hyperproteic nutritional shakes, memory training, and medication review. Main outcome assessments with multivariate analysis were conducted at 3 and 18 months. Results: A total of 347 participants (98.6%) completed the study, mean age 77.3 years, 89 prefrail subjects (25.3%), and 75.3% female (n = 265). Eighteen-month assessments were performed in 76% of the sample. After 3 and 18 months, adjusted means difference between-groups showed significant improvements for the intervention group in all comparisons: Short Physical Performance Battery score improved 1.58 and 1.36 points (p < .001), handgrip strength 2.84 and 2.49 kg (p < .001), functional reach 4.3 and 4.52 cm (p < .001), and number of prescriptions decreased 1.39 and 1.09 (p < .001), respectively. Neurocognitive battery also showed significant improvements across all dimensions at 3 and 18 months. Conclusions: A physical, nutritional, neurocognitive, and pharmacological multifaceted intervention was effective in reversing frailty measures both at short-term and 18 months. Lasting benefits of a multi-intervention program among frail elderly individuals encourage its prioritization.
Language: English
ISSN: 1079-5006MIAR

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