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Title: Viabilidad de las dietas cetogénicas para el rendimiento en deportes de resistencia: revisión sistemática
Author: Moreno Villanueva, Adrián
Tutor: Bonet Garreta, Judit
Keywords: ketogenic diets
Issue Date: 19-Jun-2020
Publisher: Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC)
Abstract: The implementation of ketogenic diets (DC) to optimize performance in endurance athletes is currently an interesting debate. Despite this, the conclusions drawn about its effects on sports performance do not enjoy the rigor or consensus necessary to know the real impact of this type of diet. The main objective of this work was to review the most recent investigations that addressed the effects of KD on performance in endurance sports, taking into account anthropometric parameters, metabolic adaptation and physical capacity level in subjects with normal weight, including athletes. To do this, a systematic review of all available scientific literature was carried out using databases such as PubMed, EBSCOhost and ResearchGate. Of all the investigations found, only 13 met our selection criteria. Specifically, they analyzed aspects such as body composition, metabolic and hormonal adaptations, repercussions on substrate availability, as well as effects on ventilatory thresholds. The results reflected that the implementation of KD in endurance athletes can help reduce body weight and fat mass, and may have a potential impact on maintaining fat-free mass. These dietary strategies create metabolic adaptations that favor the optimization of glycogen stores and the mobilization of fats. No positive or negative consequences seemed to be found in terms of physical performance. However, more research and more standardization in their designs are required in order to draw consensus conclusions.
Language: Spanish
Appears in Collections:Trabajos finales de carrera, trabajos de investigación, etc.

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