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Title: Influencia de los medios de comunicación en el desarrollo de TCA en adolescentes
Author: Martínez Gómez, Balbino Andrés
Director: Bach Faig, Anna
Tutor: Teixidor Batlle, Clara
Keywords: eating disorders
social networks
body dissatisfaction
Issue Date: Jun-2021
Publisher: Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC)
Abstract: Technologies and media are constantly growing, as are eating disorders, and these are a public health problem, mainly in adolescents. This study aims to analyze the influence of media in the development of eating disorders in adolescents. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 134 adolescents (61 boys and 73 girls) aged 12-19 from the IES of Monterroso (Lugo). The risk of eating disorder was measured with the Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT-26) (>20 points) and the influence of media on body dissatisfaction with the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-4 (SATAQ-4). Ten self-created questions were also included. We found that 11.1% of the sample is at risk of developing an eating disorder (6.6% of men and 15.1% of women). No significant differences were found according to gender, age or place of residence. They mainly use Instagram and TikTok as media. On the other hand, the greater the influence of media on physical appearance, the greater the likelihood of developing an eating disorder, with women having a greater influence from them. In addition, the older, the greater the influence of media on body dissatisfaction. It has not been possible to demonstrate which media has the most influence on the development of eating disorder. A greater risk was found in the use of TikTok and Instagram, and the teenagers/s consider that both are the most influential in how they feel with their body.
Language: Spanish
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