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Title: Programa de prevención selectiva de los Trastornos de la Conducta Alimentaria para adolescentes con Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1
Author: San Gil Pascual, Andrea
Keywords: eating disorder
type 1 diabetes mellitus
cognitive dissonance
Issue Date: Jun-2022
Publisher: Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC)
Abstract: The prevalence of eating disorders (ED) in the population with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1) is 6% higher than in the healthy population. This impact is estimated to be a consequence of the added risk posed by diabetes in children and adolescents. The importance lies in the fact that ED in patients with diabetes is not only associated with the psychological distress inherent to the mental health disorder, but also leads to serious medical problems. For this reason, it has been considered essential to propose a selective preventive intervention of ED in the diabetic population. The proposed selective prevention program is based on cognitive dissonance and consists of 5 weekly sessions. The evaluation design will be a randomized controlled trial with a sample of 50 diabetic participants aged 11-14 years. The participants will be randomly divided into two groups: the experimental group and the control group that will receive the usual treatment. The evaluation will be performed through the measurement of glycosylated hemoglobin, the Life with Type 1 Diabetes questionnaire, the Body Shape questionnaire and the Diabetes-Resumida Eating Problems Survey. From this intervention, a reduction in the occurrence of body dissatisfaction, decrease in eating behavior symptomatology and minimization of the occurrence of eating disorders are expected. As a consequence, it is expected to find stable blood glucose levels along with a satisfactory quality of life.
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