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Title: Construcció d’un índex sintètic d’innovació. Espanya respecte al conjunt de països de la Unió Europea
Author: Puig Cabruja, Adrià
Tutor: Ezcurra Ciaurriz, Francisco Javier
Keywords: industry
Issue Date: 28-Jun-2022
Publisher: Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC)
Abstract: The main purpose of this study is to analyse the innovation capacity of Spain compared to the European Union. To this end, the first part of the study presents all the inputs that contribute to innovation from a knowledge-economy perspective. Conceiving innovation as a multidimensional phenomenon, a composite indicator that evaluates innovation performance of countries has been developed. The proposed methodology includes the conceptual definition of innovation, the identification of the most representative dimensions of innovation and the selection of measurable variables. In order to generate the composite indicator, arithmetic mean aggregation with equally weighted variables has been used. The results demonstrate that the level of development in Spain is in the average in comparison with the one of the whole European Union. It is, therefore, necessary to improve certain aspects. It should be noted that an individual analysis of the variables has been conducted due to the subjective factor associated with the quantification process and the lack of relevant information. The interpretation of the development of the Spanish economy towards innovation has been based on the analysis of the composite indicator and the individual-variable results. Spain shows deficiencies in the availability of resources related to the main innovation processes. Despite this, Spain stands out for its high scientific productivity. Nevertheless, there is a weak connection between the generation of ideas and their economic application. More precisely, Spain’s economic performance is lower than the one of the EU (average). However, there are no serious shortcomings associated with the variables.
Language: Catalan
Appears in Collections:Trabajos finales de carrera, trabajos de investigación, etc.

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