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Title: A Review of UNMISS and the Peacebuilding Space in South Sudan
Author: Jochemsen, Marinus Cornelis
Tutor: López Aranguren, Juan Luis
Keywords: peacekeeping
peacebuilding triangle
South Sudan
Issue Date: 23-Feb-2022
Publisher: Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC)
Abstract: This study investigates the effectiveness of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) and explores the contextual determinants that have influenced the effectiveness of the mission. A case study of UNMISS was conducted to assess mission effectiveness by comparing its mandated tasks to its results. To establish the contextual determinants for successful peacebuilding in South Sudan, we applied the 3 dimensions of the ‘Peacebuilding Triangle’ to the South Sudanese civil war and thereby determined the shape of the peacebuilding space. Our case study shows that UNMISS has been effective in implementing most of its mandated tasks, but its efforts have not led to either sovereign or participatory peace. Our qualitative analysis of the dimensions of the peacebuilding triangle for South Sudan show that the country has a high level of hostility between the factions, an almost non-existent level of local capacity and a medium-high level of international capabilities. The high level of hostility and low level of local capacity help explain why a stable peace has not yet been achieved after the end of the civil war. Our study also demonstrates how peacekeeping missions are not solely constrained by the peacebuilding space as defined on the peacebuilding triangle, but are also actors with agency, capable of expanding the peacebuilding space through interventions on the ground.
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