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Title: Más allá de Cronenberg: Cinépix y el cine de terror durante la "Tax Shelter Era"
Author: Pérez Abad, Joan
Director: García Massagué, Mònica
Tutor: Casau Vaz, Gerard
Keywords: fiscal incentives
film industry
Canadian cinema
genre cinema
film criticism
Issue Date: Sep-2019
Publisher: Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC)
Abstract: The Canadian film industry in general and, very especially, the one focused in the fantastic and other related genres, produces just a few exponents until the middle seventies (fifteen in the field of horror), because of factors such as the lack of a market or the rooted subordination to the American industry. The Canadian Film Development Corporation, established in 1967, represents the first important film policy of the liberal government to fund Canadian commercial cinema. The imposition of a fiscal incentive of 100% in 1974, denominated Capital Cost Allowance, fosters the private production, and results in a polemical stage known as the "Tax Shelter Era", which immediately becomes effective and, in a first phase, floods the market with products. Some of the films produced at this time have critical recognition or commercial success, but many are rated as indistinguishable from mediocre American movies, and others do not even achieve or pretend to release. In 1982, the federal regulation is reduced by half, and this stage concludes. The independent production company Cinépix (Quebec), very focused in genre cinema, especially in a subgenre of horror, the slasher, is the one that obtains the highest economic and artistic profitability during the "Tax Shelter Era". However, it is not recognized until more than three decades after their production, when part of the Canadian film criticism and academia undertake a necessary rehabilitation, based on a revisionism free of prejudices to genre cinema, and not on the nationalist impulse that has conditioned the Canadian historiography. The "Tax Shelter Era" does not represent a cultural and industrial disaster for Canadian cinema, but it lays the foundations to build a solvent and inventive industry. Cinépix exemplifies how this public-private funding model makes plausible to market an heterogeneous and highly influential group of horror titles, without giving up to grant the directors the possibility to incorporate social and political commentaries, always in a context of industrial production.
Language: Spanish
Appears in Collections:Treballs finals de carrera, treballs de recerca, etc.

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