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Title: La neuroplasticitat al llarg de la vida
Author: Benet Rodríguez, Georgina
Tutor: Bartrés-Faz, David  
Keywords: neuroplasticity
Issue Date: Jun-2020
Publisher: Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC)
Abstract: This work reviews the concept and mechanisms of neuroplasticity and reviews the development of the brain throughout all life cycles, from the fetal stage to aging. Information about neuroplasticity and its characteristics is collected: the brain is malleable throughout life, although there are periods when the brain is more malleable, it can recover from an injury, it creates new neurons throughout the life cycle, it has the ability to protect oneself and there are other factors (internal and external) that affect this neuroplasticity. The critical periods where the brain is most likely to be modified is a time when there is an increase and strengthening of synapses. These stages would be the fetal stage, the postnatal stage, childhood and adolescence. Once in adulthood, the brain and neurons are considered to have matured properly and it is in the sixth decade of life it begins the natural and gradual decline of various brain structures. The brain gradually loses flexibility but doesn't lose the ability to learn. Changes in the anatomical level can correlate with changes in cognitive functions. In conclusion, with the knowledge of brain development and mechanisms of neuroplasticity, the ability to adapt and protect against aging and injury can be improved, as well as the functioning of the brain can be enhanced if it is provided with the right conditions for its development.
Language: Catalan
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