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Title: Multilevel processes and cultural adaptation: examples from past and present small-scale societies
Author: Reyes García, Victoria
Balbo, Andrea L.
Gómez Baggethun, Erik
Gueze, Maximilien
Mesoudi, Alex
Richerson, Peter J.
Rubio Campillo, Xavier
Ruiz-Mallén, Isabel  
Shennan, Stephen
Others: Universitat Oberta de Catalunya. Internet Interdisciplinary Institute (IN3)
Citation: Reyes-García, V., Balbo, A.L., Gómez Baggethun, E., Gueze, M., Mesoudi, A., Richerson, P.J., Rubio Campillo, X., Ruiz-Mallen, I. & Shennan, S. (2016). Multilevel processes and cultural adaptation: Examples from past and present small-scale societies. Ecology and Society, 21(4):2. doi: 10.5751/ES-08561-210402
Abstract: The last two decades have seen a proliferation of research frameworks that emphasise the importance of understanding adaptive processes that happen at different levels. We contribute to this growing body of literature by exploring how cultural (mal)adaptive dynamics relate to multilevel social-ecological processes occurring at different scales, where the lower levels combine into new units with new organizations, functions, and emergent properties or collective behaviors. After a brief review of the concept of 'cultural adaptation' from the perspective of cultural evolutionary theory, the core of the paper is constructed around the exploration of multilevel processes occurring at the temporal, spatial, social, and political scales. We do so by using insights from cultural evolutionary theory and by examining small-scale societies as case studies. In each section, we discuss the importance of the selected scale for understanding cultural adaptation and then present an example that illustrates how multilevel processes in the selected scale help explain observed patterns in the cultural adaptive process. The last section of the paper discusses the potential of modeling and computer simulation for studying multilevel processes in cultural adaptation. We conclude by highlighting how elements from cultural evolutionary theory might enrich the multilevel process discussion in resilience theory.
Keywords: cultural adaptation
cultural evolution
multilevel selection
DOI: 10.5751/ES-08561-210402
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Version: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Issue Date: Nov-2016
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