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Title: Aproximación a la Esparta Clásica desde una perspectiva de género: estudio de la sexualidad y el rol femenino en la sociedad lacedemonia
Author: Ballestero Herguedas, Joaquín
Tutor: Oller Guzmán, Marta
Abstract: In this study we consider the following questions: ¿What was the social role that Spartan women had during the Classical period? and on the other hand: ¿Did they have greater political, economic or even social power than their Greek contemporaries (and particularly Athenians)? Modern historiography is currently divided into two main lines of thought: a group of historians consider women enjoyed wide freedom and even social and political influence and that women in fact managed the family's oikos. But there's another group of researchers who defend that women in Sparta had a very limited social influence, and that in fact their main role was to give birth to new citizens. We will analyze the role of women in lacedemonian society thanks to some works by Aristotle, Xenophon and Plutarch, and basically we will focus on aspects such as sport, sexuality or possession of the land. In this particular regard, Aristotle said that Spartan women owned two fifths of the whole land. The English historian Hodkinson has justified this figure with the hypothesis that women in Sparta inherited according to the so-called UFI (Universal Female Inheritance) system. Under the UFI system, women would inherit half their male siblings. We have reproduced the simulation of Hodkinson (using "R" software) to verify that the figure given by Aristotle in his work Politics is obtained. The myth of the gynaecocracy or female government in Sparta is built on the premise that the lack of measure, the clearest expression of which is sexual freedom, results in licentiousness and that, in excess and love for luxury (out of the austerity parameters that the mythical legislator Licurg advocated). This gynaecocracy is probably just a distorted reality of the Spartan society that served Athenian intellectuals to ideologically justify the conflict between Sparta and Athens by creating an enemy society that brings together a set of values totally opposed to the Attic world, a monogamous and patriarchal society.
Keywords: Sparta
female empowerment
spartan sexuality
sport in ancient Greece
homosexuality in Sparta
gender studies
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/masterThesis
Issue Date: 25-Jan-2019
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Appears in Collections:Trabajos finales de estudios de género
Treballs finals de carrera, treballs de recerca, etc.

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