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Title: How do biosphere reserves influence local vulnerability and adaptation? Evidence from Latin America
Author: Ruiz-Mallén, Isabel  
Corbera, Esteve  
Calvo Boyero, Diana  
Brown, Katrina
Reyes García, Victoria
Others: Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB)
University of Exeter
Universitat Oberta de Catalunya. Internet Interdisciplinary Institute (IN3)
Citation: Ruiz-Mallen, I., Corbera, E., Calvo-Boyero, D., Reyes-García, V. & Brown, K. (2015). How do biosphere reserves influence local vulnerability and adaptation? Evidence from Latin America. Global Environmental Change, 33(), 97-108. doi: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2015.05.002
Abstract: Resource management regulations, such as those associated with the establishment of protected areas, can increase vulnerability and compromise individual and collective agency for adaptation. In this article, we comparatively analyse how four rural communities located within two biosphere reserves in Mexico and Bolivia experience vulnerability and adaptation to global change. We use focus groups, interviews and scoring exercises to analyse the influence of reserve management practices on locally perceived changes and stresses on livelihoods, and to discuss communities' coping and adaptation strategies. We show that both reserves are perceived as a source of stress but somewhat differently. In Mexico, communities feel vulnerable to the reserve's regulations but less to climatic and economic stresses, whereas in Bolivia communities perceive the insufficient enforcement of the reserve's rules as the most relevant stress to their livelihoods. Most of household-based and collective adaptations to environmental change have been adopted without the support of the biosphere reserves. We discuss how and why the biosphere reserves contribute to local vulnerability and why their role in enhancing local adaptation is limited.
Keywords: biodiversity conservation
social vulnerability
protected area
DOI: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2015.05.002
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Version: info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2015
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