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Title: La mentalización como abordaje del trauma complejo. Análisis comparativo en relación con la terapia cognitivo conductual focalizada en el trauma (TCC-FT)
Author: Valero Iglesias, Isabel
Tutor: Monzón Reviejo, Silvia
Abstract: This paper analyzes mentalization as a possible evidence-based treatment (EBT) of a little-known disorder, complex trauma, especially in the child and adolescent population. Complex trauma or Complex Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (CPSTD) is not typified in the DSM-V as an independent nosological entity, but it is in the ICD-11. The lack of consensus on this disorder with transgenerational ramifications hinders its knowledge, diagnosis and treatment. Currently, trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) is considered as an EBT for addressing (non-complex) trauma and by extension complex trauma. However, there are strong indications that mentalization may be more promising and specific, given that one of the most damaged factors after complex trauma is mentalization. The aim of the paper is to determine whether we are right, validating mentalization as an EBT either in isolation and/or in conjunction with TF-CBT, as well as to review the decrease of transgenerational transmission of trauma. For this purpose, a randomized controlled clinical trial (RCT) is defined on a sample of young people between 15 and 18 years old with complex trauma, divided into 3 groups. TF-CBT (control), MZ and MZ+ TF-CBT. The decrease of internalizing, externalizing and somatic symptomatology and the increase of mentalization are analyzed. A favorable result is expected for the alternative hypothesis (MZ and/or MZ+ TF-CBT) at the expense of a correct selection of the dependent variables, a low level of abandonment of the study and resources for the following milestones.
Keywords: transgenerational transmission
complex trauma
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesis
Issue Date: 6-Jun-2022
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Appears in Collections:Bachelor thesis, research projects, etc.

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