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Title: Respuesta judicial a la agresión y al abuso sexual: relevancia de los factores legales y extralegales en las sentencias
Other Titles: Judicial response to sexual assault and abuse: Relevance of legal and extra-legal factors in Judgments
Author: Tamarit, Josep  
Aizpitarte, Alazne  
Arantegui Arràez, Laura
Romero Seseña, Pablo  
Others: Universitat Oberta de Catalunya
Citation: Tamarit-Sumalla, J.M., Aizpitarte, A., Arantegui Arràez, L. & Romero Seseña, P. (2022). Respuesta judicial a la agresión y al abuso sexual: Relevancia de los factores legales y extralegales en las sentencias. Revista de Derecho Penal y Criminología, 3ª Época(27), 197-238. doi: 10.5944/rdpc.27.2022.32088
Abstract: Criminological literature suggests that the court sentencing process is affected by several factors, either legal (and therefore, predictable) or extra-legal. The present study analyzes which variables influence judicial decisions in cases of sexual assault and sexual abuse, by studying all the judgments handed down by the Spanish Provincial Courts in the years 2019 and 2020. The main goal of the study is to determine whether legal or extralegal variables have a greater influence on the decision to convict or absolve, on the time length of the prison sentence and on the amount of the compensation awarded. The study reveals that prison sentences are mainly influenced by legal variables and civil liability presents greater randomness, despite the fact that court sentencing criteria are usually concordant for both decision-making processes. Results also show the influence of various extra-legal variables, which opens new research lines for future investigation.
Keywords: sexual assault
sexual abuse
court sentencing
prison sentence
civil liability
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Version: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Issue Date: 22-Mar-2022
Publication license:  
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