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Title: Data and Digital Solutions to Support Surveillance Strategies in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic
Author: Kostkova, Patty
Saigí-Rubió, Francesc  
Eguia, Hans  
Borbolla, Damian  
Verschuuren, Marieke  
Hamilton, Clayton  
Azzopardi Muscat, Natasha  
Novillo-Ortiz, David  
Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC)
University of Utah
Citation: Kostkova, P., Saigí-Rubió, F., Eguía, H., Borbolla, D., Verschuuren, M., Hamilton, C., Azzopardi-Muscat, N. & Novillo-Ortiz, D. (2022). Data and Digital Solutions to Support Surveillance Strategies in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic. Frontiers in Digital Health, 3, 1-12. doi: 10.3389/fdgth.2021.707902
Abstract: Background: In order to prevent spread and improve control of infectious diseases, public health experts need to closely monitor human and animal populations. Infectious disease surveillance is an established, routine data collection process essential for early warning, rapid response, and disease control. The quantity of data potentially useful for early warning and surveillance has increased exponentially due to social media and other big data streams. Digital epidemiology is a novel discipline that includes harvesting, analysing, and interpreting data that were not initially collected for healthcare needs to enhance traditional surveillance. During the current COVID-19 pandemic, the importance of digital epidemiology complementing traditional public health approaches has been highlighted. Objective: The aim of this paper is to provide a comprehensive overview for the application of data and digital solutions to support surveillance strategies and draw implications for surveillance in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond. Methods: A search was conducted in PubMed databases. Articles published between January 2005 and May 2020 on the use of digital solutions to support surveillance strategies in pandemic settings and health emergencies were evaluated. Results: In this paper, we provide a comprehensive overview of digital epidemiology, available data sources, and components of 21st-century digital surveillance, early warning and response, outbreak management and control, and digital interventions. Conclusions: Our main purpose was to highlight the plausible use of new surveillance strategies, with implications for the COVID-19 pandemic strategies and then to identify opportunities and challenges for the successful development and implementation of digital solutions during non-emergency times of routine surveillance, with readiness for early-warning and response for future pandemics. The enhancement of traditional surveillance systems with novel digital surveillance methods opens a direction for the most effective framework for preparedness and response to future pandemics.
Keywords: digital surveillance
digital epidemiology
data sources
Type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Version: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Issue Date: 8-Aug-2022
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