Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Periodització de macronutrients i micronutrients en funció del cicle menstrual. Nutrició enfocada al rendiment de la dona esportista de resistència
Author: Matas, Sergi  
Tutor: Nuria, Giménez-Blasi  
Abstract: The endurance athlete's performance is highly conditioned by variables such as the type of training, nutrition and many other aspects that can influence at a physiological and hormonal level. Female athletes have another variable on hormonal influence that can modify the levels of certain nutrients: the menstrual cycle. That is why it is a factor to be taken into account when designin an athlete season and a nutritional planning. In this review, a research was carried out in Pubmed and Google Scholar databases with the keywords "nutrition", "menstrual cycle”, "performance", "exercise", "female athlete", "follicular", "luteal" and including at least one of the following keywords: "carbohydrates", "fat", "lipid", "protein", "micronutrient", "iron" or "calcium". A total of 252 records were obtained and, after a screening and selection for suitability, 20 studies were admitted. There is a few studies on sports performance in women, and even less on the effect of the menstrual cycle, so the evidence is limited. But it appears that nutrients such as iron and calcium can be strongly affected by menstrual cycle and supplementation should be periodized in specific moments where hypocalcaemia may occur (possible when reaching estrogen peaks such as the late follicular phase and mid-luteal phase) or iron deficiencies (typical in periods with heavy blood loss during menstruation or because of the female athlete triad). Carbohydrate supplementation during exercise could help decrease the common post-exercise immune depression during the luteal phase. Green tea supplementation may help reverse the decrease in lipid oxidation usually during the luteal phase, which could suggest an increase in endurance performance. Finally, other supplements such as caffeine and blackcurrants do not require periodization as they can increase aerobic performance regardless of the menstrual phase.
Keywords: nutrition
menstrual cycle
female athlete
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/masterThesis
Issue Date: Jan-2023
Publication license:  
Appears in Collections:Trabajos finales de estudios de género
Treballs finals de carrera, treballs de recerca, etc.

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
smataslaTFM0123memoria.pdfMemòria del TFM984,88 kBAdobe PDFThumbnail
View statistics

This item is licensed under aCreative Commons License Creative Commons