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Title: Measuring the Digital Skills of Catalan Health Care Professionals as a Key Step Toward a Strategic Training Plan: Digital Competence Test Validation Study
Author: Reixach, Elisenda  
Andrés, Erik  
Sallent Ribes, Josuè  
Gea Sánchez, Montserrat  
Àvila López, Alícia
Cruañas, Bea  
González-Abad, Anna  
Faura, Ricard  
Guitert, Montse  
Romeu, Teresa  
Hernández Encuentra, Eulàlia  
Bravo Ramirez, Sandra  
Saigí-Rubió, Francesc  
Keywords: digital health
digital competences
digital literacy
information and communication technology
Issue Date: 30-Nov-2022
Publisher: National library of Medicine
Citation: Reixach, E., Andrés, E., Sallent Ribes, J., Gea-Sánchez, M., Àvila López, A., Cruañas, B., González Abad, A., Faura, R., Guitert, M., Romeu, T., Hernàndez-Encuentra, E., Bravo-Ramirez, S. & Saigí-Rubió, F. (2022). Measuring the Digital Skills of Catalan Health Care Professionals as a Key Step Toward a Strategic Training Plan: Digital Competence Test Validation Study. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 24(11), 1-15. doi: 10.2196/38347
Published in: Journal of Medical Internet Research,2022, 24(11)
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Abstract: Background: Despite Catalonia being an advanced region in terms of digital health adoption, the “Forum for Professional Dialogue” identified the need to improve information and communication technology (ICT) competences as one of the present and future challenges for health care professionals (HPs). Objective: We aimed to validate the digital competence test developed ad hoc for this study and to measure the digital competence level of Catalan HPs to establish their current level as the baseline for designing a strategic training plan. Methods: An exploratory observational study was conducted based on a voluntary survey where sociodemographic, professional and digital tool knowledge, digital tool use, and training needs data were collected and based on the score obtained from a digital competence test developed ad hoc. The digital competence test consisted of 2 “real-life scenarios” with 7 and 11 questions. Results: In total, 803 HPs, of whom 612 (76.2%) were women, completed the survey between June 28 and July 16, 2021. Most participants self-rated their digital competence level as either intermediate (384/803, 47.8%) or basic (357/803, 44.5%). The mean score in the digital competence test was 22.6 (SD 4.3). Therefore, most participants displayed a basic level of digital competence. The internal consistency of the digital competence test was 0.66, and the discrimination index of all questions was ≥0.2 for all items except for 1 question. Conclusions: This exploratory study highlights the need to improve the digital competence of HPs working in Catalonia, with special effort being made to provide training according to the specific needs of the different HP profiles. The results have informed the Health Plan for Catalonia 2021-2025 and lay the foundations for the development and deployment of a framework program for the digital competences of HPs. The developed digital competence test shows acceptable consistency for the objective pursued, although improvements are needed to fine-tune its accuracy.
Language: English
ISSN: 1438-8871MIAR
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