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Title: Efectes de la dieta mediterrània enriquida amb carxofa en pacients amb diabetis mellitus tipus 2 i malaltia del fetge gras
Author: Arrabal Solano, Lídia  
Tutor: Chiva-Blanch, Gemma  
Abstract: Type 2 Diabetes (T2DM) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are two highly prevalent diseases that are interrelated and their first line of treatment is diet intervention. Mediterranean diet (MD) which is high in polyphenols is known as one of the most beneficial diets for both diseases, and artichoke which is one of its components contains a great amount of polyphenols. The main objective of this experimental intervention design has been to compare the effects between an artichoke-enriched MD with a classical MD and a usual diet in the biochemical and anthropometric parameters in T2DM and NAFLD patients. 326 patients have participated. To enhance adherence to the MD, the artichoke-enriched MD and classical MD groups have received nutritional education sessions about the MD. A descriptive and inferential analysis has been done to observe and compare the results through the JASP program, and a p-value of <0.05 has been considered statistically significant. In this experimental intervention, we aim to obtain better results in the biochemical and anthropometric parameters in the artichoke-enriched MD than in the classical MD and the usual diet. This design has a high applicability in the outpatient setting because improvements in T2DM and NAFLD control mean a decrease in the associated complications, mortality and morbidity. In conclusion, this intervention design provides relevant information and evidence on the diet of T2DM and NAFLD patients.
Keywords: NAFLD
intervention design
mediterranean diet
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/masterThesis
Issue Date: Jan-2024
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