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Title: El efecto antiepiléptico de la música
Author: Almoguera Martón, Arantza  
Tutor: Turón Viñas, Marc
Keywords: musical hearing
epileptic seizures
Mozart effect
Issue Date: Jun-2022
Publisher: Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC)
Abstract: Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders. Its central therapeutic approach is pharmacological treatment. However, some patients show severe side effects that affect their quality of life and others show drug resistance. Hence the need for the development of complementary, non-pharmacological and non-invasive therapies for their control. Music, specifically music listening, is emerging as a candidate with an antiepileptic effect. This systematic review gathers the existing evidence and analyzes the role of music in the reduction of epileptic seizures. Of the 188 papers found, 13 experimental studies were selected and analyzed. From each study, information was extracted about the characteristics of the patients, the auditory stimulus used, the treatment and the results obtained. The main piece of music chosen was W.A. Mozart's Sonata K.448, due to the so-called "Mozart effect". However, in several of the works, other musical stimuli are used in a comparative way. The results show that listening to music, mainly Mozart, significantly reduces the recurrence of epileptic seizures, although its effect disappears if the exposure has not been prolonged. The limitations of this systematic review are related to the heterogeneity of treatments used, as well as the variability and the limited number of subjects and the etiology of epilepsy. Nevertheless, the existence of studies showing significant clinical improvement in patients invites further research in this promising treatment such as music.
Language: Spanish
Appears in Collections:Bachelor thesis, research projects, etc.

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