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Title: A novel semi-fragile forensic watermarking scheme for remote sensing images
Author: Serra-Ruiz, Jordi  
Megias, David  
Citation: Serra-Ruiz, J.; Megías, D. (2011). "A novel semi-fragile forensic watermarking scheme for remote-sensing images". International Journal of Remote Sensing, 32(19). ISSN:0143-1161.
Abstract: A semi-fragile watermarking scheme for multiple band images is presented. We propose to embed a mark into remote sensing images applying a tree structured vector quantization approach to the pixel signatures, instead of processing each band separately. The signature of themmultispectral or hyperspectral image is used to embed the mark in it order to detect any significant modification of the original image. The image is segmented into threedimensional blocks and a tree structured vector quantizer is built for each block. These trees are manipulated using an iterative algorithm until the resulting block satisfies a required criterion which establishes the embedded mark. The method is shown to be able to preserve the mark under lossy compression (above a given threshold) but, at the same time, it detects possibly forged blocks and their position in the whole image.
Keywords: hyperspectral images
semi-fragile watermarking
image authentication
tampering detection
DOI: 10.1080/01431161.2010.507256
Document type: info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2011
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